Preliminary sketching can be used as a creative strategy for generating ideas. Often while sketching out an image, ideas for the composition will pop into my head. Moving my pen over the paper will generate more ideas than just looking at pictures. I think there is something about being in motion that assists ideas in coming up. What about you? Do you hand write notes or doodle sketches in the preliminary stage of exploring new ideas? What about trying this before going to the computer to organize these ideas? Notice the shifts and changes from the preliminary sketch to the finished image below.
Category Archives: Perspective Drawing
I am always looking for visual ways to communicate the properties of perspective drawing to my students. In a one-point perspective drawing, the furniture piece will have a flat front and the sides of the piece will be drawn using the single vanishing point and perspective guide lines. The pattern of the material on the flat front is to scale meaning there is not any perspective distortion. The sides and top of the ottoman fabric pattern uses the perspective guide lines.
When drawing case goods it is important to get the legs drawn correctly using the perspective guide lines. Depending on where the location of the piece is to the vanishing point will determine what side of the piece will be seen. Notice in the table to the left will show the right side of the legs and the table on the right will show the left side of the legs. Want to learn more about drawing furniture in perspective? Check out my book Exploring Perspective Hand Drawing.
It was fun working on my latest interior line drawing. After completing the contour drawing below, I added a variety of pattern and texture keeping a low contrast of value. As each pattern was drawn, there was just a small gradation in the change of value. The variety of patterns on the pillows was added first, next a light, simple geometric pattern was drawn on the sofa. The flooring also has a small gradation of value with lines showing the wood and simple, light patterns on the rug.
Check out this 6 minute video showing the steps to adding the inside of a bookcase in one-point perspective. Drawing furniture piece with shelves in perspective can be tricky. This video demonstrates how to use a single vanishing point, guidelines and other key points to drawing the inside of a bookcase correctly.
Want to learn more about drawing furniture in perspective? My Exploring Perspective Hand Drawing, Fundamentals for Interior Design book has a chapter on drawing furniture.
When I first started to learn to draw, it was easy to get discouraged because my drawings did not meet my expectations. They often look discombobulated with shapes that were incorrectly drawn. My critical voice was like a referee, throwing down the yellow flag and blowing the whistle. Learning to silence this voice, allowed me the freedom to play around with my new drawing skills which was critical to practicing and improving. Who needs a referee when you are playing around? I would finish one drawing and start a new one.
In this beginning hand drawing image the lens looks like it is melted. I had let go of the referee and appreciate the expressive character of the image. Computer generated or photographic images have a more perfect look, hand drawings come with a flavor of being “not quite right” which often makes the image interesting. What about you? Can you lose that referee and keep on drawing?
The best way to successfully draw furniture in perspective is to see each component drawn step by step. Here Two-point perspective demonstration video of drawing a bookcase that shows the steps of add the molding on the top and bottom, the front of three shelves and the back area. Before the video starts, the rectangular shape of the bookcase was drawn with the horizon line through the center and two vanishing points at the edge of the sketchbook which is turned horizontally. Check out how the details were added to the bookcase in perspective and try this yourself!
Look what I found while searching for hand drawings of interiors. The 2-B-2 Architecture from Nikolaeu, Ukraine website. It is exciting to see renderings by architects from another country. I find these two drawings successfully show the design and flavor of the each space. I am appreciating several aspects of the rendering style including the reflections shown on the floor, the shine that is rendered on the case piece, the shades on the floor and the variety of value.
Here is a series of three drawings showing the steps of a one-point perspective which is from my book Exploring Perspective Hand Drawing. Above is the finished drawing where the pattern was rendered on the floor, cabinet and chairs. A combination of line and stippling was used to create the different values and textures. Below is the first drawing that was started with the large rectangular shape representing the ceiling and wall lines. A single vanishing point was added five feet up from the floor line and in the center.
The back wall is an elevation that has a scale. The short lines on the left wall each represent a single foot. The furniture and accessories were started with a rectangular or square flat front; the vanishing point was used for the perspective lines; and the depth of the items was estimated.
In this drawing, the pieces were refined in their shapes and details were added. The plant and container were drawn on the cabinet top, the drawers and doors were added on the cabinet, and the chairs were defined. The single vanishing point continues to provide the angles for the sides of these items.
This was a fun two-point perspective image for me to draw. I worked on it from a photograph that was printed out as an 8″ X 10″ image. To assist with the proportions of the building features, I drew my image the same size. I shifted the arrangement of the potted plants and added the bird bath for the composition. To create interest in the image, I use a variety of line types and a range of values.
I am always looking for ways to show how 2-point perspective works to assist students in their understanding of this drawing method. Here are two drawings I did to demonstrate how objects are drawn using the perspective lines from the 2 vanishing points which are located on the horizon line. The top image shows how this works with bird houses in different positions and the bottom image has several different objects, one above, one below and one on the horizon line.